Jose Rizal in the United States (April 28, 1888 to May 16, 1888)
Across the west lower corner of Madison Park where Broadway and 5th Avenue crossed you will
find the International Toy Company.
This is the same site where Dr Jose Rizal stayed in his New York sojourn.
An unknown medicinal formula made a debut on soda fountain for 5 cents a glass and in 1888,
the mixture written in the same distinct script today was sold to an
Atlanta businessman for $2300. Today, Coca-cola is one of the great
American symbol as the Statue of Liberty.
turn this clock in front of 200 5th Avenue circa 1888
Every year the Filipino-American Independence Day Parade always ends at the Madison Park
Jose Rizal arrive in San Francisco, California
(there were three other Filipinos onboard the steamer BELGIC that arrived on the 28 of April 28 1888.
For life onboard the Belgic,
read Diary of a Japanese Girl . Chinese immigrants would later trace their american ancestry onboard the SS Belgic)
Saturday, April 28 (1888). We arrived at San Francisco in the morning. We
anchored. It is said that we shall be quarantined. The Custom House boat
visited us: its flag has this look: (American Customs flag drawn). The sacks
or bags of silk were taken away; a sack costing $700. They are not afraid of
the silk; and they were to take their breakfast on board.
Sunday, April 29. Second day of the quarantine. We are greatly troubled and
impatient aboard. I have not eaten; it gets my nerve.
Monday, April 30. The quarantine is continued. I read in the paper a statement of
the Sanitary Doctor against quarantine.
Tuesday, May 1. The quarantine is continued. We signed a petition against
the quarantine; and the Englishmen wrote to their Consul. (on Oct 8, 1888 Belgic returned to San Francisco
carrying back CHAE CHAN PING, a Chinese resident of San Francisco
who was denied entry based on the new law passed by congress on the expulsion of Chinese laborer. See US Supreme court case 1889
Thursday, May 3. Six days of quarantine.
Friday, May 4, at 3 P. M. The quarantine is ended. I stayed at the Palace Hotel:
$4 a day with bath and everything. Stockton-Str. 312.
(Since 1875, sophisticated travelers from around the world
have called the Palace home. The hotel has played host to kings
and queens, Presidents and dignitaries. Important social
and political affairs of San Francisco have taken place in the Palace's
historic ballrooms and Garden Court. It survived the 1906
massive earthquake but gutted by flames in 1909.
In commemoration of his stay in San Francisco, a marker was installed
at the lobby of the Palace Hotel in 1951.
It was misplaced during a major renovation of
what is now the Sheraton Palace Hotel.
The marker was reinstalled at the corner of Market and Montgomery Street on 30 December 1996,
the centennial anniversary of the martyrdom of Rizal)
I saw the
Golden Gate.....(Golden Gate Park. late 1880)
(Note about the Golden Gate Park--The person to do it was John McLaren, a brazen Scotsman and ardent nature lover. He arrived in San Francisco in the 1870s, and by 1890 he had established grass, trees and numerous plants in an environment most thought too barren for lush foliage. The first buildings came with the Midwinter Fair, a sprawling expo and carnival meant to boost the economy and increase tourism. S.F. wanted to prove that it had culture -- so a fine-arts museum was built.)
The Customs House. A letter of recommendation. On Sunday
stores were closed. The best St. In San Francisco is Market St. I took a
walk. -- -Stanford, the rich man. -- A street near China Town. We left San
Francisco on Sunday, the 6th, at 4:30 P. M. -- Sailed till Oakland --
Railroad -- On board from Port Costa to Benicia -- Plantations -- Herds of
cattle -- No herdsmen -- Stores at the camp -- Dinner at Sacramento, 75
cents. We slept in the coach. Regular night. We woke up an hour from Reno,
where we took our breakfast at 7:30 of Monday, May 7.... I. saw an
Indian(Indio) attired in semi-European suit, and semi-Indian suit, leaning
against a wall. Wide deserts without plants nor trees. Unpopulated. Lonely
place. Bare mountains. Sands. A big extension of white land, like chalk. Far
from this desert can be seen some blue mountains. It was a fine day. It was
warm, and there was still snow on the top of some mountains.
Tuesday, May 8: This is a beautiful morning. We stop from place to place. We
are near Ogden. I believe with a good system of irrigation this place could
be cultivated. We are at Utah state, the 3rd. State we crossed over. In
approaching Ogden the fields are seen with horses, oxen, and trees. Some
small houses are seen from a distance. From Ogden to Denver. The clock is
set one hour ahead of time. We are now beginning to see flowers with yellow
color on the way. The mountains at a distance are covered with snow. The
banks of Salt Lake are more beautiful than other things we saw. The mules
are very big. There are mountains in the middle of the lake like the islands
of Talim in Laguna de Bay. We say three Mormon boys at Farmington. There
were sheep, cows and horses in the meadows. This region is not thickly
populated. A flock of ducks in the lake. There were beautiful houses with
trees, straight streets, flowers, low houses. Children greeted us at Salt
Lake City. In Utah, the women serve at the table. It is known that dinner
will be cheap(?). We changed train at Ogden, and we will not have any change
until Denver. In Provo I ate much for 75 cents. We are passing between two
mountains through a narrow channel.
Wed. May 9. We are passing through the mountains of rocks along a river; the
river is noisy and its noise gives life to the lifeless scenery. We woke up
at Colorado the 4th state we crossed over. At 10:30 we climb up a certain
height, and this is why snow is seem along the way. There were many pines.
The snow on the mountain top is white and shiny. We passed through tunnels
made of wood, to protect the road against snow. Icicles in these tunnels are
very bright which gives majestic effect. -- The Porter of the Pullman Car,
an American, is a sort of thief. -- Colorado has more trees than the three
states we passed over. There are many horses.
Thursday, May 10. We woke up at Nebraska. The country is plain. We reached
Omaha, a big city at 4 P. M, the biggest since we left in San Francisco. The
Missouri river is twice as wide as the Pasig river in its wide part. It is
marshy. Islands are formed in the middle of the river; its banks are not
beautiful. This region has many horses and cattle. The train passed over the
Missouri bridge for 2 and 1/2 minutes; the train goes slowly. We are now in
Friday, May 11. We wake up near Chicago. The country is cultivated. It shows
our nearness to Chicago. We left Chicago at 8:20 Friday night. What I
observed in Chicago is that every cigar store has an Indian figure, and
always different. (27-75 Washington Street. Boston. Miss C. G. Smith.)
Saturday, May 12. A good Wagner Car-we are proceeding in a fine day. The
country is beautiful and well populated. We shall arrive at the English
territory in the afternoon, and we shall soon see Niagara Falls. We stop for
some time to see the points that are beautiful; we went at the side below
the Falls; I was between two rocks and this is the greatest cascade I ever
saw. It is not, so beautiful nor so fine as the fall at Los Banos; but much
bigger, more imposing and could not be compared with it. The cascade has
various falls, various parts. We left the place at night. There is a
mysterious sound and persistent echo.
Sunday, May 13. We wake up near Albany. This is a big city. The Hudson River
which runs along carries many boats. We crossed over a bridge. The landscape
is beautiful; and it is not inferior to the best in Europe. We are going
along the banks of the Hudson. They are very beautiful, although a little
more solitary than those of the Pasig. There were ships, boats, trees,
hills; and the major part is cultivated. The Hudson is wide. Beautiful ships
Sliced granite rocks were paved along the railroads. Some points widely
extended. There were beautiful houses between trees. Day fine. Our grand
transcontinental trip ended on Sunday, May 13, at 11:10 A. M. We passed
through various arches in tunnels. -- the Art Age, 75 W. 23 Street.
We left New York on May 16, 1888. There were many people at the dock. The
first and second class entrances are separated. At 9 o'clock sharp the bell
rang to warn the visitors away. At 9:30, the pier was full of people. White
handkerchiefs were waved; ribbons and flowers of different colors are seen
here and there.
May 24 -- Arrived in Liverpool.
What he observed?
He later pointed out the distinct possibility, the only
such possibility, that the “great American Republic,
whose interest lie in the Pacific and who has not hand in the spoliation of Africa
may some day dream of foreign possesion. He added that this will
be contrary to her (American) tradition”
Part of the diary from: (SOURCE: The Three Stars, 1 January 1928, Page 22
Bits Of Memorandum From Rizal's Diary
(Evidently intended more as a series of notes for subsequent reference than
as a final record of experiences.) -- Ed.(from Alex Fabros' files)