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The Anglo-American experience of Dr Jose Rizal. Read his rail travel from San Francisco to New York , trans-Atlantic crossing to Liverpool and stay in London. The year was 1888,  some of the events that have never been published.
Note: this webpage is moving to :http://www.filipinohome.com/rizal
 
World Trade Center in the background (Rizal Plaza, Jersey City)
When Rizal left New York for London
*US DIARY- April 28, 1888 to May 16, 1888) 

*Rizal and his yo-yo in the United States

*Rizal on the Hudson

*RIZAL IN THE US CONGRESS

*Knight of RIZAL in New Jersey(1928)-In search of the Founders

 

 

From May 13-16, 1888, Dr. Jose P. Rizal stayed at the Fifth Avenue Hotel. It was one of the best hotels in New York City at the time and the building is now the location of the International Pencil Factory located at the Madison Park (incidentally where the Filipino Independence Day festival is held every year.)

On May 16th, Jose Rizal gathered enough funds for a trip to London onboard the luxurious liner CITY OF ROME. The Statue of Liberty was only 2 years old when the ship departed the New York harbor.  

pictures are from the great ship site (http://www.greatships.net/cityofrome.html)

The Barrow Shipbuilding Co. built the second largest steamer in 1881. She was a 8415 gross ton vessel - length 560.2ft beam 52.3ft, clipper stem, three funnels, four masts, iron construction, single screw and a speed of 16 knots. There was accommodation for 271-1st, 250-2nd and 810-3rd class passengers. In September 1898 she was used to repatriate 1690 Spanish troops from Portsmouth, USA to Santander, Spain after the Spanish - American war. She was considered by many to be the most beautiful steamer ever built.

There is a certain 'poetic justice' in the fact that the ship that Rizal traveled on was also the same ship that carried defeated Spanish troops back to Spain. I think that Rizal would have appreciated that. (noted by Ian Rogers, Hong Kong, China.) 

Another irony was that Rizal might have boarded the ship again in September 1898, because he was accepted as a volunteer physician to work with the Spanish army in Cuba. Instead he was brought back to Manila in 1896 for his trial. He was sentenced to death by firing squad on Dec 30.

May 24, 1888 -- Arrived in Liverpool
He enjoyed himself aboard the CITY of ROME, then the second largest ship making the transatlantic crossing, by showing off his prowess with the yo-yo. He landed at Liverpool on the 24th of May 1888 and went on to London, where he eventually settled down at No.37 Chalcot, Crescent, part of what the English call a terrace or row of adjoining houses in a quiet street off RegentŐs Park, as a lodger with the Beckett family.

He wrote to Bluementritt (from London)
I live here with an English family who esteem me. I don't believe that its esteem is due to the two pounds weekly. That would be humiliating for your friend Rizal and would be ill-considered. At times when I receive news from Spain, it seems to me that I ought to hate all Europeans, but then I believe I shall go to Austria to live there if I cannot live in the Philippines, because Austria has no colonies and for being an Austrian he who has done so much for my country and loves her greatly.

It is interesting to note that Maria Clara who we associate our woman and Rizal's early sweetheart was Leonor Rivera who broke his heart when she married an English engineer who was working on the first Filipino railway. Rizal in his early letters to his friend Bluementritt wrote from Manila,
"The first hammer-blow in the railway has fallen on me!"

He had political explanation; "I do not blame her for preferring Kipping..an Englishman is a free man and I am not."

Rizal to his family, 13th June 1888 (from London)
I am not in a bad place. I have two rooms, a bedroom, small and cozy, and another room where I can study, write and receive visitors. The family is made up of man and wife, four daughters and two sons; the daughters are called Gertrude (Tottie), Blance (Sissie), Flory and Grace. The first two are young ladies and have their sweethearts, Tottie sings rather well; Sissie accompanies her on the piano. One of the two sons is employed; the other signs in a church choir. Board and lodging cost me at least $45. Everything is more expensive in England than in other parts of Europe.

He was very fun of Tottie according to other books written, but I was able to get this info from the 1881 UK census.  I was excited so I will post it here just to say that the girls of Rizal were real.

Here is the BECKETT family in 1881 (7 years earlier)
Dwelling: 37 Chalcot Cres
Census Place: St Pancras, London, Middlesex, England
Source: FHL Film 1341040 PRO Ref RG11 Piece 0183 Folio 15 Page 23

 

Age

Sex

Birthplace

Relationship

Occ

Charles BECKETT M

36

M

Blackfriars, Surrey, England

Head

Civil Service

Georgina BECKETT M

38

F

Ely, Cambridge, England

Wife

 

Gertrude A. BECKETT

11

F

Ely, Cambridge, England

Daughter

Scholar

Blanche A. BECKETT

10

F

Ely, Cambridge, England

Daughter

Scholar

Charles F. BECKETT

9

M

St Pancras, Middlesex, England

Son

Scholar

Grace A. BECKETT

1

F

St Pancras, Middlesex, England

Daughter

 

Emily J. BLOXAM

16

F

Essex, England

Serv

Gen Serv

He stayed in an affluent place in London and that was probably the reason that there are no jokers among us who could connect him to the most vicious crime of the century that started few days after he arrived.  These were the accepted victims of Jack the Ripper

Mary Ann Nichols
August 31, 1888

Annie Chapman
September 8, 1888

Elizabeth Stride
September 30, 1888

 

 

 

Catherine Eddowes
September 30, 1888

Mary Jane Kelly
November 9, 1888

 

The killing stopped after he left for continental Europe in the beginning of 1889. Jack the Ripper's victims were found in the East End, the poor gut section of London badly cut with precision that could only attributed to some one who has medical training. Eyewitnesses claim that Jack wore a dark overcoat, but again JR had a small frame that his shadow would stand short. It was the first known serial killer that remained unsolved.  The news dominated the period when Rizal stayed in London.  Jim Richarson who had done bits and pieces of research and writing on Philippine history and Rizal’s life  for many years pointed out to me that Jose Rizal was away in Paris when the second victim, Annie Chapman was murdered in September 8, 1888.  He frequented the British Museum and read history at the London Indian Library. I also found Reinhold Rost, his German friend, lived just block away as listed on the UK census:

Dwelling: 1 Elsworthy Terrace Census Place: Hampstead, London, Middlesex, England Source: FHL Film 1341038 PRO Ref RG11 Piece 0175 Folio 113 Page 50
                       Marr Age Sex Birthplace
Reinhold ROST  M 49 M Germany Rel: Head Occ: Librarian Indian Office
Minna ROST      M 42  F Germany Rel: Wife
Agusta B. ROST U 15 F London, Middlesex, England Rel: Daur Occ: Scholar
Adolf ROST       U 13 M London, Middlesex, England Rel: Son
Minna ROST      U 10 F London, Middlesex, England Rel: Daur
Earnest R. ROST U 8 M Germany Rel: Son
Elizabeth KINNE U 20 F Germany Rel: Visitor
Emily DAWSON U 26 F Broadstairs, Kent, England Rel: Serv Occ: Serv
Mary SATTAWAY U 23 F Poplar, Middlesex, England Rel: Serv Occ: Serv

For further browsing about Primrose Hill residence:

Primhill Library in London

http://alcantara.freeyellow.com/pieceof.html 

Liverpool is the most famous seaport in England.  It is the biggest seaport near London, many people immigrated from here to America. The following information reveals that Filipino sailors congregate incommunities at seafronts all over the world. Note that Eustaquio Delacruz must had been living in Liverpool for at least 15 years. We infer this because his first son was 14 years old when this 1881 UK census was taken. Eustaquio might have been born in Cebu (Sebu) but he is definitely from the Philippines. It is very common among early immigrants to convert large residences into boarding houses for the newcomers. This was a regular boarding house as the number of residence and employee.   Philip might have been a younger relative living in Upper Frederick St from the same city. Both residences were nearby the Marittime Ave and near the sea as the map indicated

--From the 1881 UK Census--Delacruz are just blocks away

   Dwelling:    19 Greetham St
    Census Place:    Liverpool, Lancashire, England
    Source:    FHL Film 1341866     PRO Ref RG11    Piece 3615    Folio
27    Page 9
    Marr    Age    Sex    Birthplace
Eustaquio DE LA CRUZ    M    45     M    Sebu British Subject,
Philippines
    Rel:    Head
    Occ:    Boarding House Keeper
Mary J. DE LA CRUZ    M    31     F    Liverpool, Lancashire,
England
    Rel:    Wife
Francis A. DE LA CRUZ         14     M    Liverpool, Lancashire,
England
    Rel:    Son
    Occ:    Scholar
Margaret P. DE LA CRUZ         10     F    Liverpool, Lancashire,
England
    Rel:    Daur
    Occ:    Scholar
Mary J. DE LA CRUZ         8     F    Liverpool, Lancashire,
England
    Rel:    Daur
    Occ:    Scholar
Josephina DE LA CRUZ         6     F    Liverpool, Lancashire,
England
    Rel:    Daur
    Occ:    Scholar
Augustina DE LA CRUZ         4     F    Liverpool, Lancashire,
England
    Rel:    Daur
    Occ:    Scholar
Isabel C. DE LA CRUZ         3     F    Liverpool, Lancashire,
England
    Rel:    Daur
    Occ:    Scholar
Elizabeth DE LA CRUZ         1     F    Liverpool, Lancashire,
England
    Rel:    Daur
    Occ:    Scholar
Elizabeth MURPHY    U    19     F    Liverpool, Lancashire,
England
    Rel:    Serv
    Occ:    General Serv
Bridget FULLAM         15     F    Liverpool, Lancashire, England
    Rel:    Serv
    Occ:    Nurse Girl
Martha COLLINS    W    40     F    Ireland
    Rel:    Serv
    Occ:    General Serv
Leon MARINA    U    59     M    Manilla
    Rel:    Annuitant
    Occ:    Annuitant
Philimina TANAL    U    38     M    Manilla
    Rel:    Boarder
    Occ:    Sailor
Theranonis ARBOLIDA    U    28     M    Manilla
    Rel:    Boarder
    Occ:    Sailor
Philip MABASA    U    29     M    Manilla
    Rel:    Boarder
    Occ:    Sailor
Juan AUGESTAN    U    25     M    Manilla
    Rel:    Boarder
    Occ:    Sailor
Siberio PELIO    U    29     M    Manilla
    Rel:    Boarder
    Occ:    Sailor
Ambroco MANADERA    U    28     M    Manilla
    Rel:    Boarder
    Occ:    Sailor
Barcelo GURRINA    U    25     M    Manilla
    Rel:    Boarder
    Occ:    Sailor
Beneto NEBERA    U    30     M    Manilla
    Rel:    Boarder
    Occ:    Sailor
Pedro SARCINA    U    31     M    Manilla
    Rel:    Boarder
    Occ:    Sailor
Juan MOLLINA    U    35     M    Manilla
    Rel:    Boarder
    Occ:    Sailor
Gelgora MAGBANGA    U    28     M    Manilla
    Rel:    Boarder
    Occ:    Sailor
Santigo ARGANASO    U    22     M    Manilla
    Rel:    Boarder
    Occ:    Sailor
Juan SMITH    U    22     M    Manilla
    Rel:    Boarder
    Occ:    Sailor
Tomas PUDRES    U    28     M    Manilla
    Rel:    Boarder
    Occ:    Sailor
Daniel PELIO    U    25     M    Manilla
    Rel:    Boarder
    Occ:    Sailor
Domingo BESERA    U    25     M    Manilla
    Rel:    Boarder
    Occ:    Sailor
Julian PLARIS    U    45     M    Manilla
    Rel:    Boarder
    Occ:    Sailor
Antonio MASINDOS    U    20     M    Manilla
    Rel:    Boarder
    Occ:    Sailor
Plaridinero AGOTE    U    28     M    Manilla
    Rel:    Boarder
    Occ:    Sailor
Philip ANNA    U    24     M    Manilla
    Rel:    Boarder
    Occ:    Sailor
Calistro FARNCIES    U    29     M    Manilla
    Rel:    Boarder
    Occ:    Sailor
Andrigue DE CABIGA    U    30     M    Manilla
    Rel:    Boarder
    Occ:    Sailor


Anothe sailor with the same name, DelaCruz  is entered:

DE LA CRUZ, Philip    Head    <1847>    Birth:        Manilla
    Census:    Lanc    Liverpool

Dwelling:    5 Court No 3 Upper Frederick St
Census Place:    Liverpool, Lancashire, England
Source:    FHL Film 1341866     PRO Ref RG11 Piece 3615 Folio 39 Page 34

                    Marr    Age Sex Birthplace
Philip DE LA CRUZ    M    34  M   Manilla
    Rel:    Head
    Occ:    Sailor
Mary DE LA CRUZ            M    29  F   Liverpool, Lancashire, England
    Rel:    Wife
Manuel ANGEL            U    35  M   Manilla
    Rel:    Boarder
    Occ:    Sea Cook

In February 25, 1889, Rizal's friend, Graciano Lopez Jaena wrote on the La Solaridad about the Filipino sailors near Barcelona. He also noted that there are many Filipino seamen in almost all the ports of England, France, and America in cities like New York and Philadelphia.

plse email me if you have additional information. Nestor Palugod Enriquez
phix7@yahoo.com